Real-time adherence monitoring for HIV antiretroviral therapy.

PubWeight™: 3.08‹?› | Rank: Top 1%

🔗 View Article (PMC 2974938)

Published in AIDS Behav on December 01, 2010


Jessica E Haberer1, Josh Kahane, Isaac Kigozi, Nneka Emenyonu, Peter Hunt, Jeffrey Martin, David R Bangsberg

Author Affiliations

1: Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Global Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Associated clinical trials:

Phase II Safety and Acceptability of an Investigational Injectable Product, TMC278LA, for Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (TMC278LA) | NCT02165202

A Multilevel Gaming Intervention for Persons on PrEP | NCT02611362

Articles citing this

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention: how to predict success. Lancet (2011) 5.34

HIV prevention transformed: the new prevention research agenda. Lancet (2011) 4.23

Adherence to antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV prevention: a substudy cohort within a clinical trial of serodiscordant couples in East Africa. PLoS Med (2013) 2.44

The effectiveness of interventions using electronic reminders to improve adherence to chronic medication: a systematic review of the literature. J Am Med Inform Assoc (2012) 2.28

Barriers to medication adherence in behaviorally and perinatally infected youth living with HIV. AIDS Behav (2013) 1.51

A proposal for quality standards for measuring medication adherence in research. AIDS Behav (2013) 1.51

Patterns of antiretroviral therapy adherence and impact on HIV RNA among patients in North America. AIDS (2012) 1.42

Impact of geographic and transportation-related barriers on HIV outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. AIDS Behav (2014) 1.31

Defining success with HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis: a prevention-effective adherence paradigm. AIDS (2015) 1.30

The Meanings in the messages: how SMS reminders and real-time adherence monitoring improve antiretroviral therapy adherence in rural Uganda. AIDS (2016) 1.30

Brief behavioral self-regulation counseling for HIV treatment adherence delivered by cell phone: an initial test of concept trial. AIDS Patient Care STDS (2011) 1.22

Recent advances (2011-2012) in technology-delivered interventions for people living with HIV. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2012) 1.21

Improving Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy With Triggered Real-time Text Message Reminders: The China Adherence Through Technology Study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2015) 1.17

Antiretroviral concentrations in small hair samples as a feasible marker of adherence in rural Kenya. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2014) 1.16

Realtime adherence monitoring of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected adults and children in rural Uganda. AIDS (2013) 1.14

The VUKA family program: piloting a family-based psychosocial intervention to promote health and mental health among HIV infected early adolescents in South Africa. AIDS Care (2013) 1.10

Multiple measures reveal antiretroviral adherence successes and challenges in HIV-infected Ugandan children. PLoS One (2012) 1.10

Feasibility and Acceptability of a Real-Time Adherence Device among HIV-Positive IDU Patients in China. AIDS Res Treat (2013) 1.04

Optimizing network connectivity for mobile health technologies in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS One (2012) 1.04

Impact of support groups for people living with HIV on clinical outcomes: a systematic review of the literature. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2015) 0.99

An intervention to support HIV preexposure prophylaxis adherence in HIV-serodiscordant couples in Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2014) 0.98

An observational cohort comparison of facilitators of retention in care and adherence to anti-eetroviral therapy at an HIV treatment center in Kenya. PLoS One (2012) 0.98

Evaluation of 3 approaches for assessing adherence to vaginal gel application in clinical trials. Sex Transm Dis (2013) 0.98

Randomized clinical trial of HIV treatment adherence counseling interventions for people living with HIV and limited health literacy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2013) 0.95

Feasibility, performance, and acceptability of the Wisebag™ for potential monitoring of daily gel applicator use in Durban, South Africa. AIDS Behav (2013) 0.91

A randomized controlled trial examining the efficacy of motivational counseling with observed therapy for antiretroviral therapy adherence. AIDS Behav (2013) 0.91

Preparing for the unexpected: the pivotal role of social and behavioral sciences in trials of biomedical HIV prevention interventions. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2013) 0.90

Opportunities and Challenges of Digital Technology for HIV Treatment and Prevention. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2015) 0.89

Assessment of HIV antiretroviral therapy adherence by measuring drug concentrations in hair among children in rural Uganda. AIDS Care (2014) 0.88

A scoping review of studies comparing the medication event monitoring system (MEMS) with alternative methods for measuring medication adherence. Br J Clin Pharmacol (2016) 0.87

The use of pill counts as a facilitator of adherence with antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings. PLoS One (2013) 0.87

Biomarkers and biometric measures of adherence to use of ARV-based vaginal rings. J Int AIDS Soc (2016) 0.83

Super Learner Analysis of Electronic Adherence Data Improves Viral Prediction and May Provide Strategies for Selective HIV RNA Monitoring. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2015) 0.82

Feasibility, Acceptability, and Tolerability of Targeted Naltrexone for Nondependent Methamphetamine-Using and Binge-Drinking Men Who Have Sex with Men. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2016) 0.81

Real-time medication adherence monitoring intervention: test of concept in people living with HIV infection. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care (2014) 0.81

Dissemination of research findings to research participants living with HIV in rural Uganda: challenges and rewards. PLoS Med (2013) 0.81

Use of a novel technology to track adherence to product use in a microbicide trial of short duration (MTN-007). AIDS Behav (2013) 0.81

Alcohol-antiretroviral therapy interactive toxicity beliefs and daily medication adherence and alcohol use among people living with HIV. AIDS Care (2016) 0.80

Monitoring microbicide gel use with real-time notification of the container's opening events: results of the CAPRISA Wisebag study. AIDS Behav (2014) 0.79

Use of automated medication adherence monitoring in bipolar disorder research: pitfalls, pragmatics, and possibilities. Ther Adv Psychopharmacol (2015) 0.79

True durability: HIV virologic suppression in an urban clinic and implications for timing of intensive adherence efforts and viral load monitoring. AIDS Behav (2015) 0.78

The Daily Relationship Between Aspects of Food Insecurity and Medication Adherence Among People Living with HIV with Recent Experiences of Hunger. Ann Behav Med (2016) 0.78

Ethical Questions in Medical Electronic Adherence Monitoring. J Gen Intern Med (2015) 0.78

Explaining antiretroviral therapy adherence success among HIV-infected children in rural Uganda: a qualitative study. AIDS Behav (2015) 0.78

Real-time electronic adherence monitoring plus follow-up improves adherence compared with standard electronic adherence monitoring. AIDS (2017) 0.78

Technology-Delivered Mental Health Interventions for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA): a Review of Recent Advances. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2015) 0.77

Comparison of six methods to estimate adherence in an ART-naïve cohort in a resource-poor setting: which best predicts virological and resistance outcomes? AIDS Res Ther (2017) 0.77

Multiple Dimensions of Stigma and Health Related Factors Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men. AIDS Behav (2016) 0.76

Randomized Factorial Trial of Phone-Delivered Support Counseling and Daily Text Message Reminders for HIV Treatment Adherence. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2016) 0.76

Can Short-Term Use of Electronic Patient Adherence Monitoring Devices Improve Adherence in Patients Failing Second-Line Antiretroviral Therapy? Evidence from a Pilot Study in Johannesburg, South Africa. AIDS Behav (2016) 0.76

Lifetime HIV antiretroviral therapy adherence intervention: timing is everything: comment on "Managed problem solving for antiretroviral therapy adherence". JAMA Intern Med (2013) 0.76

Furthering the reliable and valid measurement of mental health screening, diagnoses, treatment and outcomes through health information technology. Gen Hosp Psychiatry (2013) 0.75

A pilot study of a nurse-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy intervention (Ziphamandla) for adherence and depression in HIV in South Africa. J Health Psychol (2016) 0.75

Novel Approaches for Visualizing and Analyzing Dose-Timing Data from Electronic Drug Monitors, or "How the 'Broken Window' Theory Pertains to ART Adherence". AIDS Behav (2015) 0.75

A simple novel method for determining mortality rates in HIV treatment programs worldwide. PLoS Med (2011) 0.75

Objective monitoring of Insecticide-treated bednet use to improve malaria prevention: SmartNet development and validation. PLoS One (2017) 0.75

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Body Image and Self-Care (CBT-BISC) in Sexual Minority Men Living With HIV: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Health Psychol (2017) 0.75

Appraising Viral Load Thresholds and Adherence Support Recommendations in the World Health Organization Guidelines for Detection and Management of Virologic Failure. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2017) 0.75

Articles cited by this

Non-adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy predicts progression to AIDS. AIDS (2001) 8.89

Adherence to protease inhibitors, HIV-1 viral load, and development of drug resistance in an indigent population. AIDS (2000) 8.86

Self-report measures of antiretroviral therapy adherence: A review with recommendations for HIV research and clinical management. AIDS Behav (2006) 8.11

Treatment interruptions predict resistance in HIV-positive individuals purchasing fixed-dose combination antiretroviral therapy in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS (2007) 5.97

The technology acceptance model: its past and its future in health care. J Biomed Inform (2009) 5.37

Intermittent use of triple-combination therapy is predictive of mortality at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up. AIDS (2002) 5.21

Multiple validated measures of adherence indicate high levels of adherence to generic HIV antiretroviral therapy in a resource-limited setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2004) 4.58

Prevalence and predictive value of intermittent viremia with combination hiv therapy. JAMA (2001) 3.73

Efficacy of antiretroviral therapy adherence interventions: a research synthesis of trials, 1996 to 2004. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2006) 3.62

Not all missed doses are the same: sustained NNRTI treatment interruptions predict HIV rebound at low-to-moderate adherence levels. PLoS One (2008) 3.13

Longitudinal antiretroviral adherence in HIV+ Ugandan parents and their children initiating HAART in the MTCT-Plus family treatment model: role of depression in declining adherence over time. AIDS Behav (2009) 2.86

Pharmacy refill adherence compared with CD4 count changes for monitoring HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy. PLoS Med (2008) 2.82

'Mobile' health needs and opportunities in developing countries. Health Aff (Millwood) (2010) 2.73

Fully automated quantification of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA in human plasma by the COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan system. J Clin Virol (2007) 2.42

Effect of directly observed therapy for highly active antiretroviral therapy on virologic, immunologic, and adherence outcomes: a meta-analysis and systematic review. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2010) 2.36

Decreased adherence to antiretroviral therapy observed prior to transient human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viremia. J Infect Dis (2007) 2.06

Barriers to use of electronic adherence monitoring in an HIV clinic. Ann Pharmacother (2001) 2.03

Evaluation of an electronic device for real-time measurement of alcohol-based hand rub use. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol (2009) 1.58

Spending more to save more: interventions to promote adherence. Ann Intern Med (2010) 1.34

Ubiquitous computing technology for just-in-time motivation of behavior change. Stud Health Technol Inform (2004) 1.25

Measuring adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy: implications for research and practice. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2005) 1.20

Just-in-time evidence-based e-mail "reminders" in home health care: impact on nurse practices. Health Serv Res (2005) 1.14

A persuasive toothbrush to enhance oral hygiene adherence. AMIA Annu Symp Proc (2008) 0.97

Articles by these authors

Mortality of HIV-1-infected patients in the first year of antiretroviral therapy: comparison between low-income and high-income countries. Lancet (2006) 31.79

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa and North America: a meta-analysis. JAMA (2006) 11.71

Hybrid error correction and de novo assembly of single-molecule sequencing reads. Nat Biotechnol (2012) 10.31

The major genetic determinants of HIV-1 control affect HLA class I peptide presentation. Science (2010) 9.61

Mobile phone technologies improve adherence to antiretroviral treatment in a resource-limited setting: a randomized controlled trial of text message reminders. AIDS (2011) 9.20

Early loss of HIV-infected patients on potent antiretroviral therapy programmes in lower-income countries. Bull World Health Organ (2008) 8.70

Adherence to HAART: a systematic review of developed and developing nation patient-reported barriers and facilitators. PLoS Med (2006) 8.57

Predictive value of plasma HIV RNA level on rate of CD4 T-cell decline in untreated HIV infection. JAMA (2006) 7.14

Immune activation set point during early HIV infection predicts subsequent CD4+ T-cell changes independent of viral load. Blood (2004) 7.09

Guidelines for improving entry into and retention in care and antiretroviral adherence for persons with HIV: evidence-based recommendations from an International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care panel. Ann Intern Med (2012) 7.04

Plasma levels of bacterial DNA correlate with immune activation and the magnitude of immune restoration in persons with antiretroviral-treated HIV infection. J Infect Dis (2009) 6.17

Treatment interruptions predict resistance in HIV-positive individuals purchasing fixed-dose combination antiretroviral therapy in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS (2007) 5.97

Sampling-based approach to determining outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral therapy scale-up programs in Africa. JAMA (2008) 5.68

Supervised versus unsupervised intake of six-dose artemether-lumefantrine for treatment of acute, uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Mbarara, Uganda: a randomised trial. Lancet (2005) 5.53

Adherence is not a barrier to successful antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. AIDS (2003) 5.52

Routine HIV testing in Botswana: a population-based study on attitudes, practices, and human rights concerns. PLoS Med (2006) 4.86

Multiple validated measures of adherence indicate high levels of adherence to generic HIV antiretroviral therapy in a resource-limited setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2004) 4.58

Food insufficiency is associated with high-risk sexual behavior among women in Botswana and Swaziland. PLoS Med (2007) 4.48

Gender and the use of antiretroviral treatment in resource-constrained settings: findings from a multicenter collaboration. J Womens Health (Larchmt) (2008) 4.38

Explaining adherence success in sub-Saharan Africa: an ethnographic study. PLoS Med (2009) 4.34

Unraveling the divergent results of pre-exposure prophylaxis trials for HIV prevention. AIDS (2012) 4.26

Understanding reasons for and outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in antiretroviral therapy programs in Africa through a sampling-based approach. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2010) 4.20

Comparative analysis of measures of viral reservoirs in HIV-1 eradication studies. PLoS Pathog (2013) 4.05

Measuring adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a diverse population using a visual analogue scale. HIV Clin Trials (2004) 3.75

Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid reactivates HIV from latently infected cells. J Biol Chem (2009) 3.71

The combined effect of modern highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens and adherence on mortality over time. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2009) 3.67

Population-based community prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the urban poor of San Francisco. Clin Infect Dis (2002) 3.53

Cohort profile: the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD). Int J Epidemiol (2007) 3.46

What's love got to do with it? Explaining adherence to oral antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV-serodiscordant couples. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2012) 3.44

Transportation costs impede sustained adherence and access to HAART in a clinic population in southwestern Uganda: a qualitative study. AIDS Behav (2009) 3.39

T cell activation and senescence predict subclinical carotid artery disease in HIV-infected women. J Infect Dis (2011) 3.38

CCL3L1 and CCR5 influence cell-mediated immunity and affect HIV-AIDS pathogenesis via viral entry-independent mechanisms. Nat Immunol (2007) 3.31

Pillbox organizers are associated with improved adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy and viral suppression: a marginal structural model analysis. Clin Infect Dis (2007) 3.16

Not all missed doses are the same: sustained NNRTI treatment interruptions predict HIV rebound at low-to-moderate adherence levels. PLoS One (2008) 3.13

Impact of HIV-related stigma on treatment adherence: systematic review and meta-synthesis. J Int AIDS Soc (2013) 3.00

Late-disease stage at presentation to an HIV clinic in the era of free antiretroviral therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2009) 2.99

Food insecurity is associated with incomplete HIV RNA suppression among homeless and marginally housed HIV-infected individuals in San Francisco. J Gen Intern Med (2008) 2.97

HIV seroprevalence among homeless and marginally housed adults in San Francisco. Am J Public Health (2004) 2.96

CCL3L1-CCR5 genotype influences durability of immune recovery during antiretroviral therapy of HIV-1-infected individuals. Nat Med (2008) 2.94

Longitudinal antiretroviral adherence in HIV+ Ugandan parents and their children initiating HAART in the MTCT-Plus family treatment model: role of depression in declining adherence over time. AIDS Behav (2009) 2.86

Development and application of a salmonid EST database and cDNA microarray: data mining and interspecific hybridization characteristics. Genome Res (2004) 2.72

Periconception pre-exposure prophylaxis to prevent HIV transmission: benefits, risks, and challenges to implementation. AIDS (2010) 2.70

Food insecurity is associated with morbidity and patterns of healthcare utilization among HIV-infected individuals in a resource-poor setting. AIDS (2012) 2.63

A simple, dynamic measure of antiretroviral therapy adherence predicts failure to maintain HIV-1 suppression. J Infect Dis (2006) 2.61

Antiretroviral therapy is associated with increased fertility desire, but not pregnancy or live birth, among HIV+ women in an early HIV treatment program in rural Uganda. AIDS Behav (2008) 2.53

Tuberculosis after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in low-income and high-income countries. Clin Infect Dis (2007) 2.51

Neutralizing antibody responses against autologous and heterologous viruses in acute versus chronic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: evidence for a constraint on the ability of HIV to completely evade neutralizing antibody responses. J Virol (2006) 2.50

Adherence to antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV prevention: a substudy cohort within a clinical trial of serodiscordant couples in East Africa. PLoS Med (2013) 2.44

Impact of CD8+ T-cell activation on CD4+ T-cell recovery and mortality in HIV-infected Ugandans initiating antiretroviral therapy. AIDS (2011) 2.43

HIV protective efficacy and correlates of tenofovir blood concentrations in a clinical trial of PrEP for HIV prevention. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2014) 2.43

The effect of adherence on the association between depressive symptoms and mortality among HIV-infected individuals first initiating HAART. AIDS (2007) 2.39

Differential microRNA regulation of HLA-C expression and its association with HIV control. Nature (2011) 2.36

Comprehensive annotation of the transcriptome of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans using RNA-seq. Genome Res (2010) 2.34

Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the homeless population in San Francisco: a prospective study. Clin Infect Dis (2004) 2.33

Conceptual framework for understanding the bidirectional links between food insecurity and HIV/AIDS. Am J Clin Nutr (2011) 2.32

The association between food insecurity and mortality among HIV-infected individuals on HAART. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2009) 2.31

Doubts about DOT: antiretroviral therapy for resource-poor countries. AIDS (2003) 2.28

Internalized stigma, social distance, and disclosure of HIV seropositivity in rural Uganda. Ann Behav Med (2013) 2.25

Food insecurity as a barrier to sustained antiretroviral therapy adherence in Uganda. PLoS One (2010) 2.24

Antiretroviral therapy refusal among newly diagnosed HIV-infected adults. AIDS (2011) 2.21

U.S. trends in antiretroviral therapy use, HIV RNA plasma viral loads, and CD4 T-lymphocyte cell counts among HIV-infected persons, 2000 to 2008. Ann Intern Med (2012) 2.18

Failure to initiate antiretroviral therapy, loss to follow-up and mortality among HIV-infected patients during the pre-ART period in Uganda. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2013) 2.15

Basic subsistence needs and overall health among human immunodeficiency virus-infected homeless and unstably housed women. Am J Epidemiol (2011) 2.12

BRIEF REPORT: the aging of the homeless population: fourteen-year trends in San Francisco. J Gen Intern Med (2006) 2.03

Comparison of an interferon-gamma release assay with tuberculin skin testing in HIV-infected individuals. Am J Respir Crit Care Med (2007) 2.00

Causes of death on antiretroviral therapy: a post-mortem study from South Africa. PLoS One (2012) 1.99

Managing the demand for global health education. PLoS Med (2011) 1.96

Antiretroviral medication adherence and the development of class-specific antiretroviral resistance. AIDS (2009) 1.95

A population-based study on alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviors in Botswana. PLoS Med (2006) 1.95

Better adherence with once-daily antiretroviral regimens: a meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis (2009) 1.94

Food insecurity among homeless and marginally housed individuals living with HIV/AIDS in San Francisco. AIDS Behav (2009) 1.91

Food insecurity, depression and the modifying role of social support among people living with HIV/AIDS in rural Uganda. Soc Sci Med (2012) 1.88

Revolving doors: imprisonment among the homeless and marginally housed population. Am J Public Health (2005) 1.86

Emergence of drug resistance is associated with an increased risk of death among patients first starting HAART. PLoS Med (2006) 1.85

Challenges in using mobile phones for collection of antiretroviral therapy adherence data in a resource-limited setting. AIDS Behav (2010) 1.83

HIV counseling and testing practices at an urban hospital in Kampala, Uganda. AIDS Behav (2006) 1.83

Cytomegalovirus-specific T cells persist at very high levels during long-term antiretroviral treatment of HIV disease. PLoS One (2010) 1.83

Assessing the effectiveness of antiretroviral adherence interventions. Using marginal structural models to replicate the findings of randomized controlled trials. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2006) 1.81

Global health training in US graduate psychiatric education. Acad Psychiatry (2014) 1.78

The potential impact of antiretroviral therapy on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep (2006) 1.77

Highly active antiretroviral therapy and increased use of contraceptives among HIV-positive women during expanding access to antiretroviral therapy in Mbarara, Uganda. Am J Public Health (2008) 1.77

Tracking a sample of patients lost to follow-up has a major impact on understanding determinants of survival in HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in Africa. Trop Med Int Health (2010) 1.75

Retention among North American HIV-infected persons in clinical care, 2000-2008. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2013) 1.73

The risk of virologic failure decreases with duration of HIV suppression, at greater than 50% adherence to antiretroviral therapy. PLoS One (2009) 1.72

Preparation and rheological characterization of a gel form of the porcine urinary bladder matrix. Biomaterials (2008) 1.72

Interactive "Video Doctor" counseling reduces drug and sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive patients in diverse outpatient settings. PLoS One (2008) 1.71

Risk of viral failure declines with duration of suppression on highly active antiretroviral therapy irrespective of adherence level. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr (2010) 1.68

A marginal structural model to estimate the causal effect of antidepressant medication treatment on viral suppression among homeless and marginally housed persons with HIV. Arch Gen Psychiatry (2010) 1.66

Linkage to HIV care and survival following inpatient HIV counseling and testing. AIDS Behav (2011) 1.66

Retention in care and connection to care among HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in Africa: estimation via a sampling-based approach. PLoS One (2011) 1.65

T cell activation predicts carotid artery stiffness among HIV-infected women. Atherosclerosis (2011) 1.64